نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه باستان شناسی، دانشکده ادبیات، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 گروه باستان شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پیشوا، ورامین، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
This study examines the political economy, social participation in financial interactions, and the position of Proto-Elamite communities at Tepe Yahya in the center of the Iranian plateau at the end of the second half of the fourth millennium BC. The elites of the Proto-Elamite period received a part of household surplus production as tribute, and in the form of a redistribution system, increased the accumulation of wealth among the ruling class. Centralized storage of information, administrative management techniques, and information registration and maintenance (seals and tablets) also support this theory. Tablet TY.11 from Tepe Yahya, which forms the focus of this article, offers some of the best evidence for the payment of tribute during this period. This article presents available information on economic transactions within the Yahya community in the form of tribute or taxation or offering, common economic resources, produced and consumed goods, and possible trading patterns that could have enabled the elites of Tepe Yahya (in the late fourth millennium) to interact with other sections of society. Also, changes in the level of complexity of these communities based on the tablets of the Proto- Elamite period mentioned in this article will be discussed as a possible indicator of complexity and social change.