عنوان مقاله [English]
This study presents a collection of gold dinar coins from the period of the Bahri and Burji’s Mamluk, which were transferred from Birjand to the National Museum of Iran in 1944. The Mamluk government reigned over Egypt and Syria for approximately 275 years (648-923 AH / 1250-1517 AD) until it was ultimately defeated by the Ottomans in 923 AH / 1517 AD. The objective of this research is to introduce this exceptional collection from the National Museum of Iran, which belongs to the history of the Kingdom of Egypt. Due to the scarcity of Mamluk coins in the collections and museums of the country, no specialized research has been conducted on them to date. With this research, a comprehensive introduction of this collection has been provided, thereby creating an opportunity for researchers and numismatics enthusiasts to recognize and study these coins from a new perspective. The introduction of this collection of Mamluk coins is crucial for the field of numismatics as it expands the existing knowledge of the Kingdom of Egypt’s history. Additionally, this research presents a unique opportunity for further study and analysis of Mamluk coins. By bringing attention to the importance of these coins, this study seeks to fill a gap in the current literature and generate interest in further research on Mamluk numismatics. Overall, this collection has the potential to contribute significantly to the broader understanding of the Kingdom of Egypt’s economic and cultural history.