نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
اداره کل میراث فرهنگی استان اردبیل
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to examine the Sarcophagus of the sepulchres of Shah Isma‘il Safavid and reevaluate its Tablets in relation to the world heritage of Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegäh and Shrine Ensemble, the National Museum of Iran, and the Walters Art Museum. Through descriptive-analytical methods and the collection of additional information, this research conducts a close examination of the aforementioned works and evaluates them using documentary and library studies, as well as museum-specific databases. Although the inlay art of the tomb of Shāh Ismail Safavid is more widely known in the history of Iranian art, this research recognizes the existence of unique masterpieces of fine art, such as the placement of jewellery and turquoise in ivory-bone, painting and carving in ivory, and the incorporation of mosaic and latticework styles. Furthermore, the performance of calligraphy lines with wood and ivory in the style of mosaic, decoration, and jewellery, reflects the innovative technological abilities of Safavid artists to combine various industries. The Sarcophagus of Shāh Ismail’s Safavid is composed of four strips of four-sided inlaid frames, which contain a total of 80 ivory-bone and wooden plaques, executed in decorative thuluth writing with a Quranic theme and Shiite observation on the pages of the box. However, the fate of the 19 tablets is unknown or missing. Five plates were transferred to the Dal al-founun in 1314 H, along with the collection’s documents, while another tablet is on display at The Walters Art Museum in Baltimore. In summary, this research explores the Sarcophagus of the sepulchres of Shah Isma‘il Safavid and its Tablets, providing a thorough evaluation of their relationship to other works of art found in the world heritage of Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegäh and Shrine Ensemble, the National Museum of Iran, and the Walters Art Museum. The study highlights the creative technology utilized by Safavid artists in combining various industries, and the intricate details and artistic mastery present in this remarkable work of art.